One year on for the world’s youngest nation: The future of South Sudan’s children hangs in the balance
Toronto/Juba, July 6, 2012 - UNICEF calls for the rights and well-being of children to be made an urgent priority in the development of the country as the one year anniversary of the independence of South Sudan approaches. With half the population under the age of 18, greater investments in children are vital for South Sudan’s growth and stability.
The country is grappling with multiple crises, from severe food insecurity, government initiated austerity measures, on-going influx of refugees, to the continued threat of conflict -- there is more need than ever to protect the rights of children of South Sudan.
“Investing in South Sudan’s children must be a priority to ensure peace, prosperity and a generation that can successfully build their nation,” says UNICEF Canada’s President and CEO David Morley. “Children must be protected from conflict and have access to health care and education. South Sudan’s future depends on its youngest citizens.”
The country inherited some of the worst social indicators including high maternal and infant mortality, high rates of illiteracy and malnutrition, and very limited infrastructure, making it one of the riskiest places in the world for a child to be born.
Seventy per cent of children between 6-17 years have never set foot in a class room, and the completion rate in primary schools is barely 10 per cent, one of the lowest in the world. Girls remain particularly disadvantaged when it comes to their opportunity to education and are vulnerable to harmful social practices of early marriage and early child bearing. Despite a decrease in under five mortality, an estimated one in nine children die before their fifth birthday and twenty per cent are malnourished.
Water, sanitation and hygiene underpin many of children’s fundamental human rights and ultimately national development, but only 13 per cent have access to adequate sanitation.
In the last year, the Government with support from UNICEF and development partners have, sought to establish critically needed infrastructure in the social sector, while also prioritizing capacity building and initiating the process of reversing adverse trends in child development.
UNICEF is privileged to be associated with a number of significant policy achievements, critical to the future of the nation. Strategic frameworks have been developed for Education, Water and Sanitation, and, Justice for Children. In signing a landmark agreement, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army has reaffirmed its commitment to have no children within its ranks.
UNICEF is providing new sources of water, rehabilitating old sources and establishing a centralized data system allowing for greater information sharing. In five years, there has been a 40 per cent increase in access to improved sources of drinking water. Over the past year efforts have been intensified to ensure children in some of the more disadvantaged schools have better learning environments with a focus on ensuring that children remain protected from preventable diseases.
Outstanding issues between Sudan and South Sudan continue to have an impact on children. Since the end of 2010, more than 400, 000 South Sudanese have returned from Sudan. UNICEF has been active in the reintegration efforts and is supporting a Memorandum of Understanding between the two countries on the protection of separated and unaccompanied children of South Sudanese origin who have been identified in Sudan, ensuring that the interests of children remain paramount.
"Children are still bearing the brunt on many fronts and we have had to maintain a continued front line response to the humanitarian situation caused by conflict and displacement.” said Dr. Yasmin Ali Haque, UNICEF Representative in South Sudan. "The children of this country deserve a better future and it is critical that long term predictable investment is available and translates into real gains for them.”
UNICEF has saved more children’s lives than any other humanitarian organization. We work tirelessly to help children and their families, doing whatever it takes to ensure children survive. We provide children with healthcare and immunization, clean water, nutrition and food security, education, emergency relief and more.
UNICEF is supported entirely by voluntary donations and helps children regardless of race, religion or politics. As part of the UN, we are active in over 190 countries – more than any other organization. Our determination and our reach are unparalleled. Because nowhere is too far to go to help a child survive.
On the 13 July, TEDx JUBA entitled “New Nation, New Ideas” will take place for the first time in South Sudan. The event is a dynamic presentation of ideas from South Sudanese thinkers, which aims to create positive change and impact in the new nation. For more information: http://www.ted.com/tedx/events/6219